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[分享] 流行病学思维的嬗变 The evolution of epidemiologic thinking

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alian 发表于 2018-2-4 16:02:36 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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The evolution of epidemiologic thinking9 P+ g! d+ x/ {- _
http://sphweb.bumc.bu.edu/otlt/MPH-Modules/EP/EP713_History/
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你相信什么?
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7 p: m, [! `5 }2 @; X. C& b你相信手机可以导致脑癌吗?你相信针灸有用吗?你相信服用低剂量的阿司匹林可以预防心肌梗塞吗?你认为流感疫苗安全吗?你认为HIV可导致艾滋病吗?你认为高浓度的胆固醇可导致心肌梗塞吗?你认为大剂量服用维生素对身体有益吗?有些人相信这些事情,但是其他人不相信。谁是正确的?我们应该如何做决定?
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为什么你相信你所相信的?
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$ @% Y( V  Z9 M8 v/ H! @你之所以相信是因为其他人相信吗?或者是因为“知识渊博”的人说它是真的?或者是因为你在其他某个地方看到过?或者是因为人们一直相信它?据批判性思维基金会(Foundation for Critical Thinking),我们的思维大部分是非结构性的。我们的思维基于我们过去的经历,包括我们所爱的亲人、尊敬的人、有权利的人、高学历的人,及那些不正确的、被误导的、不合逻辑的、误导的和错误的人。大部分我们所相信的,我们仅仅是接受,而不管它们可能是错误的事实。这可能基于所持观点、经验有限、道听途说或十足的偏爱、偏见或曲解。相信容易,思考更难。(批判性思维基金会的链接)# E- L5 t% C8 ]0 n9 J

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! T% H, E/ B: x公众对流感疫苗的安全性和有效性存在争议。观看油管上的短片(接种季节性流感后患了肌张力障碍),思考双方的证据和结论。

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epiman 发表于 2018-2-4 19:31:40 | 显示全部楼层
嬗变是一个汉语词语,拼音是shànbiàn,是指蜕变,更替。也指一种元素通过核反应转化为另一种元素或者一种核素转变为另一种核素。
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 楼主| alian 发表于 2018-2-7 22:08:45 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 alian 于 2018-2-7 23:09 编辑
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What do you believe?. x1 H+ i* f. u5 N: P% w0 d
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Do you believe that cell phones cause brain cancer? Do you believe that acupuncture works? Do you believe that taking low-dose aspirin prevents heart attacks? Do you believe that the flu vaccine is safe? Do you believe that HIV causes AIDS? Or that high levels of cholesterol are a cause of heart attacks? Or that megadoses of vitamins are beneficial? Some people believe these things, but others do not. Who is correct? How should we decide?
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4 D+ @# X" B0 m* s2 A! f- KWhy do you believe what you believe?
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: j8 J! d- u: x% V' LIs it because other people believe it? Or because 'knowledgeable' people said it was true? Or because you read it somewhere? Or because people have always believed it? According to The Foundation for Critical Thinking, much of our thinking is unstructured. It is based on our past experiences, by what we have been told by people we love, people we respect, people in positions of authority, people with advanced degrees… people who are incorrect, misinformed, illogical, misguided, or mistaken. Much of what we believe, we just accept, despite the fact that it may be incorrect. It may be based on opinion, limited experience, anecdotal observation or downright bias, prejudice, or distortion. It is easier to believe, than to think. (Link to The Foundation for Critical Thinking)# F! ?4 H# V7 X! C: B9 f0 [

; ~2 {# c0 {% a% z9 P! `$ i* fYour First Assignment
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There is controversy among the general public regarding the safety and efficacy of influenza vaccines. Watch the following short video on YouTube.com and consider both the evidence and the conclusions.
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jiejie 发表于 2020-3-15 14:47:33 | 显示全部楼层
或者是因为“知识渊博”的人说它是真的? 这句换成“或者是因为大佬说它是真的?”  更接地气,哈哈哈
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洛亓 发表于 2020-3-22 15:04:21 | 显示全部楼层
[翻译者联盟]现代流行病学的发展是一个更科学更理性更系统的过程。
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